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DUI / Drunk Driving

Even with strict laws and continued preventative efforts, driving under the influence (DUI) of drugs or alcohol remains a common offense in Florida. Those who are arrested for drunk driving don’t always realize that there are several circumstances in which they can be considered guilty of this crime.

If you have been charged with DUI, understanding your rights is paramount to the outcome of your case. With the assistance of a dedicated Palm Beach County defense attorney, you can be provided with the legal knowledge necessary to make informed decisions throughout the legal process, and develop a defense strategy that will give you the best chance of avoiding a conviction for drunk driving.

West Palm Beach DUI Lawyer

DUI charges have the potential to have a devastating impact on your ability to live a normal life. The consequences for this offense can prevent you from being able to drive, force you to pay thousands of dollars in fines, or even spend time behind bars.

If you have been charged with drunk driving (a.k.a. Driving Under the Influence) in Palm Beach County, including the cities in and around Wellington, Lake Worth, Delray Beach, Boca Raton, West Palm Beach, Jupiter, Greenacres, Royal Palm Beach, Palm Beach Gardens, Juno Beach or Belle Glade, contact Meltzer & Bell, P.A..

As dedicated DUI defense attorneys, Lawrence Meltzer and Steven Bell are available to assist you 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Call us today at Meltzer & Bell, P.A. to schedule your consultation.

We also assist those facing DUI charges in Miami-Dade and Broward Counties.


Overview on Driving under the Influence in Florida


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Definition of Drunk Driving in Florida

Driving under the influence is defined by Florida Statutes Annotated § 316.193 as being in actual physical control of a vehicle while you are under the influence of drugs or alcohol to the point where your normal faculties are impaired. Normal faculties include the ability to see, hear, walk, balance, talk, and the ability to perform the mental and physical acts of daily life.

Individuals can also be considered under the influence if their breath or blood alcohol content (BAC) is above the legal limit of .08. Law enforcement can use several tests to determine your BAC, such as a blood, breath, or urine test. Due to its convenience, the Breathalyzer is the most commonly used BAC test.


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Implied Consent Laws

Due to the laws outlined in Florida Statutes Annotated § 316.1932, anytime an individual accepts the privilege of operating a motor vehicle in the state of Florida, he or she is deemed to have given his or her implied consent to submit to a chemical test for the purpose of determining their sobriety. 

If a driver refuses to submit to a blood, breath, urine, or any other BAC test, he or she can face an automatic license suspension for up to a year. If it is his or her second or subsequent offense for refusing a BAC, their license can be suspended for up to 18 months.

The Florida Uniform DUI citation you received upon being arrested is also known as a “Notice of Suspension." This specific citation places you on notice that the Division of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles intends to suspend your driver’s license for 6 months if you provided a breath or blood sample of .08 or greater at the time of your arrest for DUI or for 12 months if you refused to submit or failed to submit toa breath, blood or urine sample upon your arrest for DUI as required by Florida Law.

These types of suspensions are imposed administratively by DHSMV; they are not criminal in nature; and are unrelated to criminal chargesfor DUI and the court system, except that they originate from the same arrest.  Failure to act within 10 days of your arrest will prevent you from fighting the Division of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles and will result in the automatic suspension of your driving privileges. Call Meltzer & Bell, P.A. immediately to preserve your due process rights.

The State of Florida is unlike New York City. Without a driver’s license, you lose your ability to do the most simple of tasks such as going to the grocery store, picking up your kids from school, or just going to the bank.  You may even lose your job.

If you retain Meltzer & Bell, P.A. within ten (10) days of your arrest for DUI, our firm will immediately preserve your rights to challenge the driver’s license suspension imposed by the Division of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles. Upon doing so, the lawyers of Meltzer & Bell, P.A. will immediately contact the Division of Highway Safety and Motor Vehicles and will assist you in obtaining a temporary driving permit or a hardship license. You may be eligible for a temporary driving permit, even if you have been convicted of DUI in your past. 


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Can I Be Charged With DUI If I Wasn’t Actually Driving?

The most common source of frustration and confusion when it comes to DUI charges is the fact that you do not actually have to be driving at the time you are arrested for drunk driving. By law, if an individual is in actual physical control of a vehicle while intoxicated, he or she can be arrested.

There are a number of factors that Palm Beach County law enforcement can use to determine whether or not an individual is in actual physical control, such as:

  • Whether or not the car was on
  • Where the vehicle was parked
  • Whether or not the engine was on
  • The location of the keys
  • Had the vehicle been recently driven
  • Was the car drivable
  • The defendants position in the vehicle

If you are charged with drunk driving even when you were not actually driving the vehicle, a Palm Beach County DUI defense lawyer may be able to use the evidence in your case to successfully prove that you were not in actual physical control of the vehicle, helping you avoid the consequences of your alleged offense.


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Penalties for Drunk Driving in Palm Beach County

The penalties for drunk driving usually depend on the number of previous DUI convictions you have on your record. For a first offense, an individual can face second degree misdemeanor charges, and subjected to up to six months in jail, a maximum fine of $2,000, and a minimum licenses suspension for 180 days.

A second conviction for drunk driving is considered a first degree misdemeanor and is punishable by up to nine months of imprisonment, a fine of up to $4,000, and a license suspension for at least 180 days.

For a third or subsequent offense (within 10 years), can face third degree felony charges, and be punished by up to five years in Florida State Prison, a fine of up to $5,000, and a minimum license suspension of 10 years.

For a fourth offense, the charges can be automatically filed as a felony no matter how old the previous DUI convictions are and can result in a permanent/lifetime revocation of your driving privileges amongst the possibility of a maximum sentence of 5 years in Florida State Prison.

Aside from the penalties mentioned above, anytime an individual is convicted of driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol in Florida, he or she can also be ordered to serve probation, community control, attend DUI School, have an ignition interlock device installed in their vehicle, and other appropriate penalties.


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Defenses in Drunk Driving Cases

Florida law requires that police officers must have probable cause to believe you have committed a traffic infraction,  reasonable suspicion that you were committing a crime or evidence that your well-being was in danger in order to stop your vehicle.

If the driving pattern for which you were stopped failed to affect other traffic on the road or did not create a “safety hazard”, the officer in your case may have acted unlawfully and courts may require that all evidence gathered by the officer such as physical observations, roadside exercises, breath test results be thrown out of your case. The lawyers of Meltzer & Bell, P.A. have successfully litigated and argued hundreds of these motions.

Did you suffer from diabetes, arthritis, vertigo, concussion issues, gout, issues from head injuries or surgeries at the time you were arrested for DUI? Officers will claim that you were DUI based upon the allegations that you were unsteady, incapable of maintaining balance, and that you performed poorly during roadside sobriety exercises.

These “signs of impairment” can easily be explained away by demonstrating that you suffered from injuries or illnesses that mimicked impairment by alcohol or drugs that the officers either knew about or never bothered to look into. This is especially true if you were involved in a traffic crash at the time of your DUI arrest.

Under Florida Law, the State must prove that your breath test was over the limit “while driving” or “while in actual physical control of a motor vehicle”. If you were arrested for DUI in Florida, you know that your breath test occurred at the police station well after the officer placed you under arrest and not “while” you were driving.

As you know, levels of alcohol change in the body over time and as it absorbs in to your system as time passes. The lawyers of Meltzer & Bell, P.A. have successfully argued to juries that our clients were not impaired while driving using the State’s own video evidence, but became impaired as the alcohol absorbed fully in to their bodies and by the time our client arrived at the station and blew into the breathalyzer. This called an “absorption” defense ; “on the rise” or “time of driving” defense.

Additionally, the lawyers of Meltzer & Bell, P.A. have won trials involving breath results greater than a .08 by proving that the breathalyzer was not calibrated properly under Florida law and by demonstrating the State failed to prove its case beyond a reasonable doubt by showing our client’s performance during roadside sobriety exercises was in direct conflict with the breathalyzer results.

Did your urine sample come back reflecting you took prescription medications or even ingested illegal drugs or narcotics?  If so, those results do not mean you are guilty of DUI in any way or that you were impaired while driving, as required by Florida law. All drugs, legal or illegal, have half-lives.That means that a drug will only remain in your body for a given amount of time and may have had no effect on you at the time of your arrest.

The toxicologist for the State will readily admit that all drugs have half-lives.  He or she may only be able to testify that a given drug was present in your body and that there is no way of telling if that drug was impairing your ability to drive.  For example, marijuana can remain in the body for up to 30 days. If the only evidence of impairment is the presence of marijuana in your urine, the State would have a difficult time proving that you were impaired by it while you were driving.

If you were involved in a traffic crash, even the most damaging and incriminating statements made to officers at the scene can be excluded under Florida’s accident report privilege. If you were not read your Miranda rights at a crash scene (presuming you haven’t waived the privilege by leaving the scene) and an officer questions you as to circumstances surrounding the accident, all statements made by you are 100% excluded, no matter if you admitted to consuming “20 beers” and admitting you are “hammered” or “wasted” or that you were the driver at the time of the accident.

The accident report privilege is absolute and prohibits the state from using all pre-Miranda statements at a crash scene against you certain stages of the criminal case. Additionally, statements may be excluded even if you are read Miranda after your arrest. Meltzer& Bell, P.A. will file all legal motions to preserve your constitutional rights under the 5th Amendment. We will do all we can to try and move the courts to exclude any statements illegally and unlawfully obtained.


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South Florida DUI Resources

Florida Highway Patrol: This state agency is responsible for patrolling highways in Florida, including throughout the Palm Beach area.

Palm Beach County Sheriff's Office: Sheriff's deputies, including members of the DUI and Traffic Enforcement Units, patrol the streets throughout Palm Beach County.

3228 Gun Club Road
West Palm Beach, FL 33406
(561) 688-3000

FDLE Alcohol Testing Program: The Florida Department of Law Enforcement regulates the devices used to test people for intoxication.


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Working With a Qualified DUI Defense Attorney in West Palm Beach

After you are arrested for driving under the influence, having the right attorney on your side is vital. The attorneys at Meltzer & Bell, P.A. have over two decades of combined experience in representing clients charged with DUI.

Lawrence Meltzer and Steven Bell are qualified DUI defense lawyers who are available 24 hours a day, seven days a week. Call Meltzer & Bell, P.A. today at (561) 283-3259 to set up a consultation. We serve clients in West Palm Beach, Boca Raton, Delray Beach, Wellington, Lake Worth, and the surrounding areas of Palm Beach County.

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Client Testimonials for Meltzer & Bell, P.A.
Client Testimonials
  • ...A long weekend vacation in Palm Beach resulted in the potential for serious consequences that could have set me back in unimaginative ways. M+B was a truly incredible legal advocate and was always accessible within minutes to answer questions and discuss the progress of the case within the system - truly remarkable. I could not have retained better legal representation in my case in Palm Beach County.

    Anonymous
  • I just had to commend you on the outstanding job you did on behalf of your client in court yesterday. If my clients were ever to ask me if I know of a good DUI defense attorney, I know to whom I can refer them!

    A.A.
  • I was facing hard prison time and punishment. [Larry] did everything to pull strings and get me into rehab. After meeting with many therapists I finally got one to diagnose me successfully with Bipolar. Thanks to Larry I have been sober since 6/19/09. My health is great and my family life is amazing. It's because he saw something in me and my family that I wasn't just an alcoholic there was something that told me it was something else.

    A.P.
  • I was charged with a felony and facing the scary thought of losing my job, but thank you Attorney Steven Bell for helping me. Now I’m able to keep my job and take care of my family. I am truly amazed by your service, and you for understanding what I have to deal with. To me I’m very impressed by way you handled my case and was here to listen and make things OK!

    Y.E.
  • Mr. Steven Bell, Words cant explain how thankful I am for you and your firm. I was facing felony charges and even looking at doing 5 years in jail! Not only did you fight for me, you got my case dismissed and dropped. For that, I don't have words to say “thank you” you were always kind and believed in me. You looked for every opportunity and you won! Thank you for being my guardian angel in disguise and steering me in the right direction. You are forever my “too go guy” thank you soooo much!

    A.L.
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